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Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

The pulmonary valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. It is a flap-like structure that allows blood to flow out of the heart to the pulmonary artery and then to the lungs. The valve’s function is to prevent blood from flowing back from the pulmonary artery to the heart.

ulmonary valve stenosis is a rare condition that slows the blood flow from the heart to the lungs. Over the course of time, the heart’s muscle becomes overworked and the right ventricle becomes enlarged. This condition is typically congenital but can occur as a complication of another illness.

Symptoms of pulmonary valve stenosis vary and may include the following:

  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Heart murmur
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations

The diagnosis of pulmonary valve stenosis typically occurs during childhood but may not be discovered until later in life. Additional testing is usually performed after the discovery of a heart murmur.
Treatment of pulmonary valve stenosis depends on the severity of the condition. Mild cases require regular medical checkups while other cases may need to be treated with medication or a surgical intervention.